423 West Mountain Road Queensbury, New York
12804 Phone: (800)-4-BONSAI
Phone: (518)-798-4277 FAX: (518) 798-9004
CARING FOR YOUR NEW GARDEN
So now your new planting is complete
and it's time for you to start some kind of maintenance program to
protect your investment. To follow is a general garden maintenance regimen for
newly installed plantings as
well as existing plantings.
WATER & FERTILIZER
Plants are composed of over 95% water so it is extremely important to
avoid letting them dry out unless they are a species which desires such
treatment (like cactus and succulent plants like Jade). Unless it rains,
your new planting requires watering every 2 or 3 days for about 45 minutes
Newly installed plants usually
experience some root damage which can
cause transplant shock in varying degrees. Watering immediately after
planting and using a water soluble fertilizer such as PETER'S BLOSSOM
BOOSTER ( which has a break-down of 10-50-10 ) will dramatically
the plants ability to cope with being moved. It does this by stimulating
growth and recovery ... added bloom is actually the side effect of
We recommend that 10-50-10 be
the principle liquid-feed used for the
entire first season after planting and it should be applied every 3 to 4 weeks.
Blossom Booster can also be used on any plant which is about to bloom or
exceptionally large blooms like Hibicus.
Triple Phosphate is a granular ( with a breakdown of 0-46-0 ) which can
added to the planting hole and return soil and can also be sprinkled
existing plants to stimulate root growth and flower production.
Pruning is a means of guiding your new plants into their maturity. By
pruning away spent blooms on your perennials and shrubs you are sending signals to the plant to stop working on those blooms and move onto either making more blooms or inducing other general growth. However if the plant produces
fruit then do not prune until after harvest.
Shrubs and trees which bloom
late in summer should be pruned in spring after danger of frost. Most other flowering trees and shrubs should be pruned
soon after they bloom and whenever the plant losses its desired shape.
Remember, you must retain a few sets of leaves on any branch which you intend to keep.
Evergreens can be pruned almost anytime during the growing season.
Spring is the best time to prune needled evergreens due to the emergence of new growth which is typically the part being removed.
Use hedge-trimmers on small
needled shrubs and trees like Arborvitae, Hemlock and Alberta Spruce. Use hand-pruners or loppers when trimming
large needled or cascading plants like Pines, Lg.Spruce or Mophead Cypress.You
should avoid making fresh cuts in the onset of frosty evening weather.
Adding mulch every season or every other season helps to retain moisture and
also warmth. Cedar mulch is also effective in deterring ground dwelling insects.
Mulch should be about 2 to 3 inches deep between plants but less than an inch
deep at the base of the plant.
Using a garden claw or other
cultivator lightly turn the mulch in the plant bed once per month This aerates
the soil and also makes watering and fertilizing more productive. It also helps
to uproot any weeds which may be getting a foothold.
Cultivating time is also a great
opportunity to add PLANT-TONE. Working this all natural nutrient rich
soil conditioner each season returns minerals to the soil for years of healthy